Lesson 262 – Parts of the Sentence – Adverb Clauses

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and a dependent clause. Example: The television was playing (independent clause which can stand alone and make sense) as I left the room (dependent clause which must be attached to the independent clause to make sense). There are three kinds of dependent clauses: adjective clause, adverb clause and noun clause.
An adverb clause is a dependent clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. It usually modifies the verb.
Adverb clauses are introduced by subordinate conjunctionsincluding after, although, as, as if, before, because, if, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, where, and while. These are just some of the more common ones.
Example: They arrived before the game had ended. (“before the game had ended” is the adverb clause modifying the verb arrived telling when.)
Sometimes the adverb clause is placed at the beginning of the sentence. When it introduces the sentence, it is always set off with a comma. Example: Before the game had ended, they arrived.
Instructions: Find the adverb clauses in the following sentences and tell what they modify.
1. When you came from the garage, did you see the mower there?
2. Because the field was muddy, the game had to be cancelled.
3. Although you should return to class, just wait here for me.
4. As I sat motionless, the two squirrels came closer and closer.
5. Since I can spare only a few minutes, please be brief with your presentation.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. When you came from the garage modifies the verb did see
2. Because the field was muddy modifies the verbal to be cancelled
3. Although you should return to class modifies the verb wait
4. As I sat motionless modifies the verb came
5. Since I can spare only a few minutes modifies the predicate adjective brief

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Lesson 261 – Parts of the Sentence – Adverb Clauses

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and a dependent clause. Example: The television was playing (independent clause which can stand alone and make sense) as I left the room (dependent clause which must be attached to the independent clause to make sense). There are three kinds of dependent clauses: adjective clause, adverb clause and noun clause.
An adverb clause is a dependent clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. It usually modifies the verb.
Adverb clauses are introduced by subordinate conjunctionsincluding after, although, as, as if, before, because, if, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, where, and while. These are just some of the more common ones.
Example: They arrived before the game had ended. (“before the game had ended” is the adverb clause modifying the verb arrived telling when.)
Instructions: Find the adverb clauses in the following sentences and tell what they modify.
1. You clean the bathroom while I clean the carpet.
2. Ann was confident that she would play the best.
3. Bring in the toys before they get destroyed.
4. I stood on the box so that I could see the top of the shelf.
5. Your face becomes red when you are angry.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. while I clean the carpet modifies the verb clean
2. that she would play the best modifies the predicate adjective confident
3. before they get destroyed modifies the verb bring
4. so that I could see the top of the shelf modifies the verb stood
5. when you are angry modifies the verb becomes

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Quiz for Lessons 256 – 260 – Parts of the Sentence – Adjective Clauses

Instructions: Combine the following sentences using an adjective clause using the introductory words who, whose, whom, which, that, when, and where.
1. The occasion was a momentous one for all. All the family were together at last.
2. The site has several steep slopes. The million-dollar home will be built there.
3. The time was very exciting. Our team won the championship.
4. The author wrote the novel. He received a Pulitzer Prize.
5. I recall the time. There was no freeway to Salt Lake City then.
Instructions: Rewrite the following sentences placing the adjective clause in the correct place.
6. The little dog was running behind the boy that was growling and barking fiercely.
7. The trunk of the passenger was placed on the train which was covered with travel stickers.
8. A dog ran onto the football field which looked like the team mascot.
9. The car is now in our garage that was in a wreck yesterday.
10. The crickets were the targets of our poison bait which were destroying our crops.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. The occasion when all the family were together at last was a momentous one for all.
2. The site where the million-dollar home will be built has several steep slopes.
3. The time when our team won the championship was very exciting.
4. The author who received a Pulitzer Prize wrote the novel.
5. I recall the time when there was no freeway to Salt Lake City.
6. The little dog that was growling and barking fiercely was running behind the boy.
7. The passenger’s trunk which was covered with travel stickers was placed on the train.
8. A dog which looked like the team mascot ran onto the football field.
9. The car that was in a wreck yesterday is now in our garage.
10. The crickets which were destroying our crops were the targets of our poison bait.

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Lesson 260 – Parts of the Sentence – Adjective Clauses

In using an adjective clause, you should always place it as near to the word it modifies as possible. If you misplace the adjective clause, it makes a ridiculous sentence or one that is unclear. Examples: (incorrect) = I waved to my dog from the car that had just licked my face. (The car did not lick my face; the dog did.) (correct) = From the car I waved to my dog that had just licked my face. (Now the clause is as close as it can be to the word it modifies. That is next to dog.)
Instructions: Rewrite the following sentences placing the adjective clause in the correct place.
1. The tall man was stopped by a police officer who had been acting suspiciously.
2. We found the key under the couch that had been lost.
3. She took the letter to the post office which she had written earlier.
4. The rosebush is next to a weedy lot that is very beautiful.
5. The tanker sailed into the harbor which was carrying a load of oil.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. The tall man who had been acting suspiciously was stopped by a police officer.
2. We found the key that had been lost under the couch.
3. She took the letter which she had written earlier to the post office.
4. The rosebush that is very beautiful is next to a weedy lot.
5. The tanker which was carrying a load of oil sailed into the harbor.

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Lesson 259 – Parts of the Sentence – Adjective Clauses

In using an adjective clause, you should always place it as near to the word it modifies as possible. If you misplace the adjective clause, it makes a ridiculous sentence or one that is unclear. Examples: (incorrect) = I waved to my dog from the car that had just licked my face. (The car did not lick my face; the dog did.) (correct) = From the car I waved to my dog that had just licked my face. (Now the clause is as close as it can be to the word it modifies. That is next to dog.)
Instructions: Rewrite the following sentences placing the adjective clause in the correct place.
1. They drove to the lake in their new car where they love to fish for bass.
2. The large limousine pulled up to the curb which was loaded with students for the prom.
3. The new tricycle was smashed on the driveway that had been delivered yesterday.
4. We showed the pictures to our friends that we had taken at the wedding.
5. We caught several fish with the new bait which we cooked for dinner.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. They drove in their new car to the lake where they love to fish for bass.
2. The large limousine which was loaded with students for the prompulled up to the curb.
3. The new tricycle that had been delivered yesterday was smashed on the driveway.
4. We showed to our friends the pictures that we had taken at the wedding.
5. We caught with the new bait several fish which we cooked for dinner.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
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Lesson 258 – Parts of the Sentence – Adjective Clauses

Using the various kinds of clauses as with the use of the verbals can give variety to your sentences. Adjective clauses can be used that way.
Instructions: Combine the following sentences using an adjective clause using the introductory words who, whose, whom, which, that, when, and where.
1. The school has been closed. The students were exposed to asbestos there.
2. The clinic processed the MRI. The MRI showed my back problem.
3. Joe contacted the artist. The artist was going to paint his portrait.
4. The hour went by very slowly. We were waiting for their arrival.
5. The children were lost there. I found them in the woods.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. The school where the students were exposed to asbestos has been closed.
2. The clinic processed the MRI which showed my back problem.
3. Joe contacted the artist that was going to paint his portrait.
4. The hour when we were waiting for their arrival went by very slowly.
5. The children whom I found in the woods were lost there.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
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Lesson 257 – Parts of the Sentence – Adjective Clauses

Using the various kinds of clauses as with the use of the verbals can give variety to your sentences. Adjective clauses can be used that way.
Instructions: Combine the following sentences using an adjective clause using the introductory words who, whose, whom, which, that, when, and where.
1. They followed the strange man. He had just come from the dark alley.
2. The lot is covered with salt grass. We play baseball there.
3. A minute passed in complete silence. Terri announced her wedding plans then.
4. The newspaper had been delivered late. It is the one I receive.
5. I bought Jim a book. The book is about magic.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. They followed the strange man who had just come from the dark alley.
2. The lot where we play baseball is covered with salt grass.
3. A minute when Terri announced her wedding plans passed in complete silence.
4. The newspaper that I receive had been delivered late.
5. I bought Jim a book which is about magic.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in eBook and Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://ift.tt/2w1iPa9