Quiz for Lessons 221 – 225 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals

Instructions: Find the infinitives, participles, and the participial and infinitive phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. My attempts to comfort the lost boy were useless.
2. Having been left behind, the puppy gave a whining howl.
3. The exhausted men were given the signal to start the march.
4. The admired musician wants a person to study with him.
5. The screaming fans cheered their fighting team.
6. The droning lecture caused the students’ heads to nod.
7. Having finished our work, we now had time to play.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. to comfort the lost boy modifies attempts; lostmodifies boy
2. Having been left behind modifies puppy; whiningmodifies howl
3. exhausted modifies men; to start the march modifiessignal
4. admired modifies musician; to study with him modifies person
5. screaming modifies fans; fighting modifies team
6. droning modifies lecture; to nod modifies heads
7. Having finished our work modifies we; to playmodifies time

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Tangled: Adjectives, Describing People

This awesome activity was provided by a reader, Fabiana de Souza. Thanks, Fabiana, for sharing such a creative exercise.




My name’s Fabiana. I’m Paranaense but I live in Sorocaba – São Paulo.
I love studying and teaching English. It’s something that makes me really happy.
I work at Dialeto Idiomas (http://ift.tt/2qirCWe) and I use Claudio’s website a lot (I’m a big fan).
Enjoy your studies everybody. The magically long-haired Rapunzel is the missing daughter of a Queen and King.  She was kidnnapped by Mother Gothel and raised as her daughter in a high tower in an isolated area. The adventure begins when Princess Rapunzel meets Flynn Rider. I really like this movie and I watch it every single week 🙂

1- DESCRIBE THEIR PHYSICAL APPEARANCE:

What does she look like?

 What does she look like?

What does she look like?

What does he look like?

 What does he look like?

What does he look like?

2 – DESCRIBING PERSONALITY

Match the adjectives with the definitions and then complete with an opposite adjective from the list.
Definitions from http://ift.tt/2tjDi92;

ADJECTIVES : friendly   funny    generous     lazy   shy   smart   talkative

OPPOSITE : cheap  extrovert hardworking quiet serious  stupid  unfriendly

a- behaving in a kind and pleasant way because you like somebody or want to help them

_______________________              _____________________________

b – making you laugh; amusing

_______________________                              _____________________________

c- giving or willing to give freely

_______________________              _____________________________

d- unwilling to work or be active; doing as little as possible

_______________________               _____________________________

e- nervous or embarassed about meeting or speaking to other people

_______________________                _____________________________

f- intelligent

_______________________                 _____________________________

g- liking to talk a lot

_______________________                _____________________________

h- Now watch the segment and describe the characters. What is he like? What is she like?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fi8kYcl2Y38 

3- Listen the song again and complete the lyric.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fi8kYcl2Y38 

Read the song lyrics. Then listen to the song and complete each verse with the correct words.

VERSE 1
sprout safe and sound wrong sapling scary fragile

You want to go outside? Why, Rapunzel…!
Look at you, as __________ as a flower
Still a little____, just a_______
You know why we stay up in this tower

Rapunzel:
I know but…

Mother Gothel:
That’s right, to keep you________, dear
Guess I always knew this day was coming
Knew that soon you’d want to leave the nest
Soon, but not yet

Rapunzel:
But–

Mother Gothel:
Shh!
Trust me, pet
Mother knows best
Mother knows best
Listen to your mother
It’s a ______ world out there
Mother knows best
One way or another
Something will go________, I swear
Ruffians, thugs
Poison ivy, quicksand
Cannibals and snakes
The plague

Rapunzel:                                    Mother Gothel:                   Rapunzel:
No!                                              Yes!                                     But–

VERSE 2
sloppy alone large underdressed clumsy pointy immature late

Mother Gothel:
Also _____ bugs
Men with _____ teeth, and
Stop, no more, you’ll just upset me
Mother’s right here
Mother will protect you
Darling, here’s what I suggest
Skip the drama
Stay with mama
Mother knows best
Go ahead, get trampled by a rhino
Go ahead, get mugged and left for dead
Me, I’m just your mother, what do I know?
I only bathed and changed and nursed you
Go ahead and leave me, I deserve it
Let me die _______here, be my guest
When it’s too _______
You’ll see, just wait
Mother knows best
Mother knows best
Take it from your mumsy
On your own, you won’t survive
_________,  ___________
_________, ___________
                   
VERSE 3
chubby naive vague ditzy gullible grubby

Please, they’ll eat you up alive
_________, __________
Positively _________
__________ and a bit, well, hmm ________
Plus, I believe
Gettin’ kinda  _________
I’m just saying ’cause I wuv you
Mother understands
Mother’s here to help you
All I have is one request
Rapunzel?

Rapunzel:
Yes?

Mother Gothel:
Don’t ever ask to leave this tower again.

Rapunzel:
Yes, Mother.

Mother Gothel:
I love you very much, dear.

Rapunzel:
I love you more.

Mother Gothel:
I love you most.
Don’t forget it
You’ll regret it
Mother knows best

WORKSHEET


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Lesson 225 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles/Adjective Infinitives

A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as an adjective. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.
An infinitive phrase is made up of an infinitive and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. An infinitive phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Instructions: Find the participles and the participial and infinitive phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. The money lying on the dresser is yours.
2. The crying child awakened everyone.
3. The heavy package to be sent was quickly loaded.
4. Hearing the noise, the girl was suddenly afraid.
5. There are several things to be considered first.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. lying on the dresser modifies money
2. crying modifies child
3. to be sent modifies package
4. Hearing the noise modifies girl
5. to be considered first modifies things

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
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Lesson 224 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Adjective Infinitives

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as an adjective. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.
An infinitive phrase is made up of an infinitive and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. An infinitive phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Instructions: Find the infinitive phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. Your idea to spend the day together sounds great.
2. Joe is the man to see about the job.
3. We have no reason to doubt your sincerity.
4. This must be the best route to take.
5. Your attitude is the best attitude to have.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. to spend the day together modifies idea
2. to see about the job modifies man
3. to doubt your sincerity modifies reason
4. to take modifies route
5. to have modifies attitude

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
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Lesson 223 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Instructions: Find the participial phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. The man running slowly still finished the race.
2. The boy having been scolded finally did his work.
3. The teacher, having retired, could now travel widely.
4. The soldier, having saluted his superior, continued on his way.
5. The truck swerving and sliding hit the brick wall.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. running slowly modifies man
2. having been scolded modifies boy
3. having retired modifies teacher
4. having saluted his superior modifies soldier
5. swerving and sliding modifies truck

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
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Lesson 222 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Instructions: Find the participial phrases in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. Taking my time, I hit the basket.
2. Shouting angrily, the man chased the thief.
3. Exhausted from the hike, Jim dropped to the ground.
4. Grinning sheepishly, the boy asked for a date.
5. Trying to open the gate, I tore my coat.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Taking my time modifies the subject I
2. Shouting angrily modifies the subject man
3. Exhausted from the hike modifies the subject Jim
4. Grinning sheepishly modifies the subject boy
5. Trying to open the gate modifies the subject I

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://ift.tt/2t8J4dg

Lesson 221 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends in various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
Instructions: Find the participles in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. The bike had a broken spoke.
2. Her smiling face made everyone happy.
3. The frightened child was crying loudly.
4. The people were frightened by the growling dog.
5. The squeaking wheel needs some grease.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. broken modifying spoke
2. smiling modifying face
3. frightened modifying child
4. growling modifying dog
5. squeaking modifying wheel

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://ift.tt/2uH5Lag