Lesson 301 – Mechanics – Capitalization

Capitalize the first word of a sentence. Example: The lessons begin tomorrow.
Instructions: Capitalize each word that needs a capital letter.
1. you don’t seem to understand.
2. why didn’t you ask me?
3. the boy will be punished for his wrongs.
4. get out of here.
5. did you see that!
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. You
2. Why
3. The
4. Get
5. Did

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Quiz for Lessons 296 – 300 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound/Complex Sentences

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clause modify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. Rulon steered the jeep down the muddy road to the camp site, and then he discovered that it was the wrong road.
2. When Carl came up to bat, the bases were loaded, and there were two outs.
3. I’ve just learned that our vacation plans must be changed; as a result, we’ll leave later in the month.
4. Older television sets had tubes; the newest models, which take less space, are digital televisions.
5. My uncle Al drove a snow-removal truck, and when there was a big snow storm, he was called to work at any time.
6. If you are an election judge, you distribute the ballots, and you count them after the polls close.
7. Many monuments are found around the White House, and foreign leaders who come to Washington often visit them.
8. The doctor told us how we could revive a heart-attack victim, and she demonstrated on a dummy, me.
9. Jeff tried the new dance steps that had been demonstrated, and he mastered them quickly.
10. The bola is a rope which is used to catch animals; it has weights on the end of it.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. steered = verb, Rulon = subject, jeep = direct object, the = adjective modifying jeep, down the muddy road = adverb prepositional phrase modifying steered, down = preposition, road = object of the preposition, the/muddy = adjectives modifying road, to the camp site = adjective prepositional phrase modifying road (possibly an adverb modifying steered), to = preposition, site = object of the preposition, the/camp = adjectives modifying site; and = co-ordinate conjunction, discovered = verb, he = subject, then = adverb modifying discovered; (that it was the wrong road) = noun clause used as the direct object, was = verb, it = subject, road = predicate nominative, the/wrong = adjectives modifying road, that = noun clause introductory word which does not fit grammatically with the sentence
2. (when Carl came up to bat) = adverb clause modifying were, came = verb, Carl = subject, up = adverb modifying came, to bat = adverb infinitive modifying came, when = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; were = verb, bases = subject, loaded = predicate adjective, the = adjective modifying bases; and = co-ordinate conjunction, were = verb, outs = subject, two = adjective modifying outs, there = introductory there
3. ‘ve learned = verb, I = subject; (that our vacation plans must be changed) = noun clause used as the direct object, must be changed = verb, plans = subject, our/vacation = adjectives modifying plans, that = noun clause introductory word which does not fit grammatically with the sentence; ‘ll leave = verb, we = subject, later = adverb modifying ‘ll leave, in the month = adverb prepositional phrase modifying later, in = preposition, month = object of the preposition, the = adjective modifying month
4. had = verb, sets = subject, tubes = direct object, older/television = adjectives modifying sets; are = verb, models = subject, televisions = predicate nominative, newest = adjective modifying models, digital = adjective modifying televisions; (which take less space) = adjective clause modifying models, take = verb, which = subject, space = direct object, less = adjective modifying space
5. drove = verb, Uncle Al = subject, truck = direct object, my = adjective modifying Uncle Al, a/snow-removal = adjectives modifying truck; and = co-ordinate conjunction, (when there was a big snow storm) = adverb clause modifying was called, was = verb, storm = subject, a/big/snow = adjectives modifying storm, there = introductory there, when = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; was called = verb, he = subject, to work = adverb prepositional phrase modifying was called, to = preposition, work = object of the preposition, at any time = adverb prepositional phrase modifying was called, at = preposition, time = object of the preposition, any = adjective modifying time
6. (if you are an election judge) = adverb clause modifying distribute, are = verb, you = subject, judge = predicate nominative, an/election = adjectives modifying judge, if = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; distribute = verb, you = subject, ballots = direct object, the = adjective modifying ballots; and = co-ordinate conjunction, count = verb, you = subject, them = direct object; (after the polls close) = adverb clause modifying count, close = verb, polls = subject, the = adjective modifying polls, after = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
7. are found = verb, monuments = subject, many = adjective modifying monuments, around the White House = adverb prepositional phrase modifying are found, around = preposition, White House = object of the preposition, the – adjective modifying White House; and = co-ordinate conjunction, visit = verb, leaders = subject, them = direct object, foreign = adjective modifying leaders, often = adverb modifying visit; (who come to Washington) = adjective clause modifying leaders, come = verb, who = subject, to Washington = adverb prepositional phrase modifying come, to = preposition, Washington = object of the preposition
8. told = verb, doctor = subject, us = indirect object, the = adjective modifying doctor; (how we could revive a heart-attack victim) = noun clause used as the direct object, could revive = verb, we = subject, victim = direct object, a/heart-attack = adjectives modifying victim, how = adverb modifying could revive; and = co-ordinate conjunction, demonstrated = verb, she = subject, on a dummy = adverb prepositional phrase modifying demonstrated, on = preposition, dummy = object of the preposition, a = adjective modifying dummy, me = appositive to dummy
9. tried = verb, Jeff = subject, steps = direct object, the/new/dance = adjectives modifying steps; (that had been demonstrated) = adjective clause modifying steps, had been demonstrated = verb, that = subject; and = co-ordinate conjunction, mastered = verb, he = subject, them = direct object, quickly = adverb modifying mastered
10. is = verb, bola = subject, rope = predicate nominative, the = adjective modifying bola, a = adjective modifying rope, (which is used to catch animals) = adjective clause modifying rope, is used = verb, which = subject, to catch animals = adverb infinitive modifying is used, to catch = infinitive, animals = direct object to the infinitive; has = verb, it = subject, weights = direct object, on the end = adverb prepositional phrase modifying has, on = preposition, end = object of the preposition, the = adjective modifying end, of it = adjective prepositional phrase modifying end, of = preposition, it = object of the preposition

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Lesson 300 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound/Complex Sentences

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clause modify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. None of the other jurors asked me to change my mind.
2. Barbara and Jeanne whispered and giggled all night.
3. That he is my cousin cannot be denied.
4. The boy who is speaking is my brother, and he will be staying with us.
5. I know you don’t like him, but that doesn’t matter.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. asked = verb, none = subject, of the other jurors = adjective prepositional phrase modifying none, of = preposition, jurors = object of the preposition, the/other = adjectives modifying jurors; (me to change my mind) = direct object, to change my mind = noun infinitive phrase used as the direct object, me = subject to the infinitive, mind = direct object of infinitive, my = adjective modifying mind
2. whispered/giggled = verbs, Barbara/Jeanne = subjects, and/and = co-ordinate conjunctions, night = adverbial noun modifying whispered/giggled, all = adjective modifying night
3. (that he is my cousin) = noun clause used as the subject, is = verb, he = subject, cousin = predicate nominative, my = adjective modifying cousin, that = noun clause introductory word which does not fit grammatically with the sentence; can be denied = verb, not = adverb modifying can be denied
4. is = verb, boy = subject, brother = predicate nominative, the = adjective modifying boy, my = adjective modifying brother; (who is speaking) = adjective clause modifying boy, is speaking = verb, who = subject; and = co-ordinate conjunction, will be staying = verb, he = subject, with us = adverb prepositional phrase modifying will be staying, with = preposition, us = object of the preposition
5. know = verb I = subject; ([that] you don’t like him) = noun clause used as the direct object with a missing introductory that, do like = verb, you = subject, him = direct object, n’t = adverb modifying do like; but = co-ordinate conjunction, does matter = verb, that = subject, n’t = adverb modifying does matter

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Lesson 299 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound/Complex Sentences

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clause modify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. Jim and his friend Ryan had planned to return to Canada.
2. Although we searched everywhere, Curtis could find no trace of his shoes.
3. Alaina wrote an original poem, and her mother corrected her spelling.
4. Since he was entrusted with the secret, Fred became very serious, and he was no longer a practical joker.
5. The real story is that he was injured while he was hiking.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. had planned = verb, Jim/friend = subjects, his = adjective modifying friend, and = co-ordinate conjunction, Ryan = appositive, to return to Canada = noun infinitive phrase used as the direct object, to return = infinitive, to Canada = adverb prepositional phrase modifying to return, to = preposition, Canada = object of the preposition
2. (although we searched everywhere) = adverb clause modifying could find, searched = verb, we = subject, everywhere = adverb modifying searched, although = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; could find = verb, Curtis = subject, trace = direct object, no = adjective modifying trace, of his shoes = adjective prepositional phrase modifying trace, of = preposition, shoes = object of the preposition, his = adjective modifying shoes
3. wrote = verb, Alaina = subject, poem = direct object, an/original = adjectives modifying poem; and = co-ordinate conjunction, corrected = verb, mother = subject, spelling = direct object, her = adjective modifying mother, her = adjective modifying spelling
4. (since he was entrusted with the secret) = adverb clause modifying became, was entrusted = verb, he = subject, with the secret = adverb prepositional phrase modifying was entrusted, with = preposition, secret = object of the preposition, the = adjective modifying secret, since = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; became = verb, Fred = subject, serious = predicate adjective modifying Fred, very = adverb modifying serious; and = co-ordinate conjunction, was = verb, he = subject, joker = predicate nominative, a/practical = adjectives modifying joker, longer = adverb modifying was, no = adverb modifying longer
5. is = verb, story = subject, the/real = adjectives modifying story, (that he was injured) = noun clause used as the predicate nominative, was injured = verb, he = subject, that = noun clause introductory word which does not fit grammatically with the sentence; (while he was hiking) = adverb clause modifying was injured, was hiking = verb, he = subject, while = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause

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Lesson 298 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound/Complex Sentences

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clause modify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. We enlarged our house, and after we had finished the work, we moved to Hawaii and never returned.
2. The vacation should be restful, but many people take vacations that are never restful.
3. James said that will be enough, and everyone agreed.
4. Dad went fishing, but Mom stayed home because she wanted to be there when Terri arrived.
5. Although the children were running everywhere, closer observation indicated that they were playing a game, and they had created it themselves.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. enlarged = verb, we = subject, house = direct object, our = adjective modifying house; and = co-ordinate conjunction, moved/returned = verbs, we = subject, never = adverb modifying returned, to Hawaii = adverb prepositional phrase modifying moved, to = preposition, Hawaii = object of the preposition; (after we had finished the work) = adverb clause modifying moved/returned, had finished = verb, we = subject, work = direct object, the = adjective modifying work, after = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
2. should be = verb, vacation = subject, restful = predicate adjective modifying vacation, the = adjective modifying vacation; but = co-ordinate conjunction, take = verb, people = subject, vacations = direct object, many = adjective modifying people; (that are never restful) = adjective clause modifying vacations, are = verb, that = subject, restful = predicate adjective modifying that, never = adverb modifying are
3. said = verb, James = subject; (that will be enough) = noun clause used as the direct object, will be = verb, that = subject, enough = predicate adjective; and = co-ordinate conjunction, agreed = verb, everyone = subject
4. went = verb, Dad = subject, fishing = participle used as the predicate adjective; but = co-ordinate conjunction, stayed = verb, Mom = subject, home = adverb modifying stayed; (because she wanted to be there) = adverb clause modifying stayed, wanted = verb, she = subject, to be there = noun infinitive phrase used as the direct object, to be = infinitive, there = adverb modifying to be, because = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; (when Terri arrived) adverb clause modifying to be, arrived = verb, Terri = subject, when = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
5. (although the children were running everywhere) = adverb clause modifying indicated, were running = verb, children = subject, everywhere = adverb modifying were running, the = adjective modifying children, although = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; indicated = verb, observation = subject, closer = adjective modifying observation; (that they were playing a game) = noun clause used as the direct object, were playing = verb, they = subject, game = direct object, a = adjective modifying game, that = introductory word that does not fit grammatically with the sentence; and = co-ordinate conjunction, had created = verb, they = subject, it = direct object, themselves = adverb

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Lesson 297 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound/Complex Sentences

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clause modify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. Since we had gone only a mile from camp, we could return before dark, and we would not become lost.
2. After the tornado had hit, my house was gone, but my neighbor’s house was not touched.
3. Mary heard the frightening noise again, and the sound was one that would frighten the bravest of people.
4. The route can be changed, but I know several people who will not like the change.
5. Dr. Mathews did what could be done, but it simply was not enough to save his life.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. (Since we had gone only a mile from camp) = adverb clause modifying could return, had gone = verb, we = subject, mile = adverb modifying had gone, a = adjective modifying the adverbial noun mile, only = adverb modifying mile, from camp = adjective prepositional phrase modifying mile, from = preposition, camp = object of the preposition; could return = verb, we = subject, before dark = adverb prepositional phrase modifying could return, before = preposition, dark = object of the preposition; would become= verb, we = subject, lost = predicate adjective modifying we, not = adverb modifying would become, and = co-ordinate conjunction
2. (after the tornado had hit) = adverb clause modifying was gone, had hit = verb, tornado = subject, the = adjective modifying tornado, after = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; was gone = verb, house = subject, my = adjective modifying house; was touched = verb, house = subject, my/neighbor’s = adjectives modifying house, not = adverb modifying was touched, but = co-ordinate conjunction
3. heard = verb, Mary = subject, noise = direct object, the = adjective modifying noise, frightening = participle modifying noise, again = adverb modifying heard; was = verb, sound = subject, one = predicate nominative, the = adjective modifying sound, and = co-ordinate conjunction; (that would frighten the bravest of people) adjective clause modifying one, would frighten = verb, that = subject, bravest = direct object, the = adjective modifying bravest, of people = adjective prepositional phrase modifying bravest, of = preposition, people = object of the preposition
4. can be changed = verb, route = subject, the = adjective modifying route; know = verb, I = subject, people = direct object, several = adjective modifying people, but = co-ordinate conjunction; (who will not like the change) = adjective clause modifying people, will like = verb, who = subject, change = direct object, the = adjective modifying change, not = adverb modifying will like
5. did = verb, Dr. Mathews = subject; (what could be done) = noun clause used as the direct object, could be done = verb, what = subject; was = verb, it = subject, enough = predicate adjective modifying it, not/simply = adverbs modifying was, to save his life = adverb infinitive phrase modifying enough, to save = infinitive, life = direct object, his = adjective modifying life

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Lesson 296 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound/Complex Sentences

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clause modify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. John went to school, but James remained at home because he had a sore throat.
2. If he changes his mind, we shall know for sure that Joe has learned his lesson, but only time will tell.
3. Those clouds promise rain; we should hurry before we get caught in a flash flood.
4. Here is the money that I owed you, and I am happy to be free of debt.
5. Were you ever in a storm that was full of lightning, or don’t you recall?
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. went = verb, John = subject, to school = adverb prepositional phrase modifying went, to = preposition, school = object of the preposition; but = co-ordinate conjunction, remained = verb, James = subject, at home = adverb prepositional phrase modifying remained, at = preposition, home = object of the preposition; (because he had a sore throat) = adverb clause modifying remained, had = verb, he = subject, throat = direct object, a/sore = adjectives modifying throat, because = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
2. (If he changes his mind) = adverb clause modifying shall know, changes = verb, he = subject, mind = direct object, his = adjective modifying mind, if = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; shall know = verb, we = subject, for sure = adverb prepositional phrase modifying shall know, for = preposition, sure = object of the preposition; (that Joe has learned his lesson) = noun clause used as the direct object, has learned = verb, Joe = subject, lesson = direct object, his = adjective modifying lesson, that = noun clause introductory word which does not fit grammatically with the sentence; will tell = verb, time = subject, only = adjective modifying time, but = co-ordinate conjunction
3. promise = verb, clouds = subject, rain = direct object, those = adjective modifying clouds; should hurry = verb, we = subject; (before we get caught in a flash flood) = adverb clause modifying should hurry, get = verb, we = subject, caught in a flash flood = participial phrase used as a predicate adjective, caught = participle, in a flash flood = adverb prepositional phrase modifying caught, in = preposition, flood = object of the preposition, a/flash = adjectives modifying flood, before = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
4. is = verb, money = subject, the = adjective modifying money, here = adverb modifying is; (that I owed you) = adjective clause modifying money, owed = verb, I = subject, that = direct object, you = indirect object; am = verb, I = subject, happy = predicate adjective modifying I, to be free of debt = adverb infinite phrase modifying happy, to be = infinitive, free = predicate adjective to the infinitive, of debt = adverb prepositional phrase modifying free, of = preposition, debt = object of the preposition, and = co-ordinate conjunction
5. were = verb, you = subject, ever = adverb modifying were, in a storm = adverb prepositional phrase modifying were, in = preposition, storm = object of the preposition, a = adjective modifying storm; (that was full of lightning) = adjective clause modifying storm, was = verb, that = subject, full = predicate adjective modifying that, of lightning = adverb prepositional phrase modifying full, of = preposition, lightning = object of the preposition; do recall = verb, you = subject, n’t = adverb modifying do recall, or = co-ordinate conjunction

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