A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases, or clauses. Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phases, or clauses of equal rank. There are two kinds simple and correlative. The simple co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, and nor. The correlative co-ordinate conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.
In these lessons simple co-ordinates will be referred to as co-ordinate conjunctions, and correlative co-ordinates will be referred to as correlative conjunctions. The co-ordinate and correlative conjunctions should be memorized since they are common and few in number.
Instructions: As a review of all the parts of the sentence, in the following sentences find the conjunctions and tell whether they are co-ordinate or correlative conjunctions, and then tell how each of the other words are used.
1. Jeff and Jim cut the grass.
2. Mr. Smith, our neighbor and friend, is visiting Africa.
3. Lindsay gave both Ila and me a surprise.
4. The rabbit hopped and skipped about in the yard.
5. The new manager will be either Bill or Fred.
–For answers scroll down.
1. and = co-ordinate conjunction; cut = verb; Jeff/Jim = subject; the = adjective
2. and = co-ordinate conjunction; is visiting = verb; Mr. Smith = subject; Africa = direct object; neighbor/friend = appositives; our = adjective
3. both/and = correlative conjunction; gave = verb; Lindsay = subject; surprise = direct object; Ila/me = indirect object; a = adjective
4. and = co-ordinate conjunction; hopped/skipped = verbs; rabbit = subject; the/the = adjectives; in = preposition; yard = object of the preposition
5. either/or = correlative conjunction; will be = verb; manager = subject; Bill/Fred = predicate nominative; the/new = adjectives
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