A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which orwhat kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective phrases together, one will follow the other. A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, andwhy and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase. Notice that some prepositional phrases may be adverbs or adjectives because of their location in the sentence.
Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences, identify what they tell us, and what they modify.
1. Do you have a reason for your absence from class?
2. The veterans from the war in Spain remained loyal.
3. The class was delighted by the outcome of the story.
4. Dozens of stories about heroes are in the school library.
5. In the afternoon Henrietta went to the library.
–For answers scroll down.
1. for your absence modifies “reason” telling what kind/ from class modifies “absence” telling which
2. from the war modifies “veterans” telling which / in Spain modifies “war” telling which
3. by the outcome modifies “was delighted” telling howor why / of the story modifies “outcome” telling which
4. of stories modifies “dozens” telling what kind / about heroes modifies “stories” telling what kind / in the school library modifies “are” telling where
5. in the afternoon modifies “went” telling when / to the library modifies “went” telling where
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