A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which orwhat kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective phrases together, one will follow the other. A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, andwhy and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase. Notice that some prepositional phrases may be adverbs or adjectives because of their location in the sentence.
Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences, identify what they tell us, and what they modify.
1. The real owner of the property is not available for comment.
2. I have no time for your excuses or delays.
3. The manager came for the answer.
4. In this century we are preserving our forests.
5. You will always be one of my best friends.
–For answers scroll down.
1. of the property modifies “owner” telling which / for comment modifies “available” telling how
2. for your excuses or delays modifies “time” telling what kind
3. for the answer modifies “came” telling why
4. in this century modifies “are preserving” telling when
5. of my best friends modifies “one” telling which
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