A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective telling which orwhat kind and modifying a noun or pronoun. An adjective prepositional phrase will come right after the noun or pronoun that it modifies. If there are two adjective phrases together, one will follow the other. A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb telling how, when, where, how much, andwhy and modifying the verb and sometimes an adjective. Adverb prepositional phrases can come anywhere in the sentence and can be moved within the sentence without changing the meaning. Only adjective prepositional phrases modify the object of the preposition in another prepositional phrase.
Instructions: Pick out the prepositional phrases in these sentences, identify what they tell us, and what they modify.
1. The boys searched the beach for sand dollars.
2. The grass behind the house and near the fence is dying.
3. A deep ditch was dug near the boundary of the factory.
4. A pretty girl with brown hair and eyes sat near me at the banquet.
5. The three contestants listened carefully to each question.
–For answers scroll down.
1. for sand dollars modifies “searched” telling why
2. behind the house / near the fence modify “grass” telling which
3. near the boundary modifies “was dug” telling where/ of the factory modifies “boundary” telling which
4. with brown hair and eyes modifies “girl” telling what kind / near me / at the banquet modify “sat” telling where
5. to each question modifies “listened” telling how
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