Lesson 122 – Parts of the Sentence – Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Transitive verbs are verbs that have subjects or objects that receive the action. They are either active voice or passive voice. Transitive active verbs are the verbs in sentences with a direct object. Example: The boy kicked the ball. The subject is the doer and the direct object is the receiver of the action. Transitive passive verbs have the subject receiving the action with the doer in a prepositional phrase or omitted in the sentence. Examples: The ball was kicked by the boy. The ball was kicked hard. The verb in the transitive passive voice always has is, am, are, was, were, be, being, or been as an auxiliary or helping verb.
Transitive active sentences can be changed to transitive passive sentences by making the direct object the subject and putting the subject either in a prepositional phrase or omitting it. Example: The daughter kissed her mother on the cheek. The mother was kissed on the cheek by her daughter. The mother was kissed on the cheek. (Mother is the receiver of the action in all three sentences, but in the last two sentences mother is the subject of the sentences.)
Instructions: Transform the following transitive active sentences into transitive passive sentences by omitting the subject.
1. She put the ribbon on the package.
2. People chew the twigs for medicinal purposes.
3. The marks easily identified the trees to cut down.
4. The neighbors enjoyed the nightly chats over the fence.
5. The class play received a standing ovation on the first night.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. The ribbon was put on the package.
2. The twigs are chewed for medicinal purposes.
3. The trees to cut down were easily identified.
4. The nightly chats were enjoyed over the fence.
5. A standing ovation was received on the first night.
(Your answers may vary somewhat from mine.)

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