A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate – some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boyis here.
There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.
1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.
2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now.
3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?
4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!
When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verbfirst and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb – rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.
Interrogative sentences many times have the subject between the parts of the verb phrase. To find the verb and the subject, turn the question into a statement. Example: Have you seen my coat? You have seen my coat. Who or what have seen? You have seen. You is the subject.
Instructions: Find the subject and verb in these interrogative sentences.
1. Has James left for home?
2. When did the noise begin?
3. Where is Jeanne attending college?
4. Did Jeff eat any dinner?
5. Will you return on Sunday?
–For answers scroll down.
1. James – subject, has left – verb phrase
2. noise – subject, did begin – verb phrase
3. Jeanne – subject, is attending – verb phrase
4. Jeff – subject, did eat – verb phrase
5. you – subject, will return – verb phrase
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