A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate – some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boyis here.
There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.
1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.
2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.
3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?
4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!
When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verbfirst and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb – rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.
Imperative sentences always have an understood but not stated you as the subject. Examples: Hand it in now. (You) hand it in now. Stop. (You) stop.
Instructions: Find the subject and verb in the following sentences.
1. Give me the gun!
2. Help me please.
3. Bring me the paper.
4. Lock the car door always.
5. Run next door for some sugar.
–For answers scroll down.
1. (you) – subject, give – verb
2. (you) – subject, help – verb
3. (you) – subject, bring – verb
4. (you) – subject, lock – verb
5. (you) – subject, run – verb
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