Lesson 231 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Adverb Infinitives

An infinitive is to plus a verb form. It can be used as an adverb. Examples: to be, to see, to be seen, to be eaten.
Adverb infinitives are used to modify verbs. They usually tell why.
An infinitive phrase is made up of an infinitive and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers.) An infinitive phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Instructions: Find the infinitives in these sentences and tell what word they modify.
1. The man came to confess.
2. We should study to learn.
3. The girls were waiting to be asked.
4. Our neighbor called to apologize.
5. I went to the hospital to rest.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. to confess modifies the verb came
2. to learn modifies the verb should study
3. to be asked modifies the verb were waiting
4. to apologize modifies the verb called
5. to rest modifies the verb went

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Quiz for Lessons 226 – 230 – Parts of the Sentence – Participles

Instructions: Combine these sentences using a participial phrase.
1. I strolled down the lane. I was enjoying the fragrant air.
2. My dog wanted his meal. He was begging at my feet.
3. The contestant crossed her fingers for luck. She hoped it was the right answer.
4. The paramedic leaned over the victim. He was checking for vital signs.
5. The man shouted for help. He was hanging on the side of the boat.
Instructions: Rewrite these sentences so the participial phrase is used correctly.
6. Drinking in gulps, the pitcher was emptied.
7. Convinced of my honesty, I was allowed to leave.
8. Watching the sunset, the evening was beautiful.
9. Hanging in the closet, I found my new suit.
10. We saw several caves walking through the mountains.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Enjoying the fragrant air, I strolled down the lane.
2. Begging at my feet, my dog wanted his meal.
3. Hoping it was the right answer, the contestant crossed her fingers for luck.
4. Checking for vital signs, the paramedic leaned over the victim.
5. Hanging on the side of the boat, the man shouted for help.
6. Drinking in gulps, I emptied the pitcher.
7. Convinced of my honesty, the police allowed me to leave.
8. Watching the sunset, I found the evening beautiful.
9. I found my new suit hanging in the closet.
10. Walking through the mountains, we saw several caves.

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Lesson 230 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Participial phrases sometimes appear to modify a word that they cannot logically modify. The word it should modify does not appear in the sentence.
Instructions: Rewrite the following sentences by rearranging the words or by adding a word or words to make them clear and logical.
1. Looking over the outlook, the canyon seemed magnificent.
2. Typing my research paper, the keys jammed.
3. Playing the piano, my dog started to howl.
4. Eating lunch, the doorbell rang.
5. Having walked several miles, my new shoes hurt.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Looking over the outlook, I saw a magnificent canyon.
2. Typing my research paper, I jammed the keys.
3. Playing the piano, I caused my dog to start to howl.
4. Eating lunch, she heard the doorbell ring.
5. Having walked several miles, I had sore feet from my new shoes.
(You must add a word to be the subject.)

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Lesson 229 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Participial phrases are sometimes misplaced in a sentence causing confusion.
Instructions: Rewrite the following sentences placing the participial phrases where they should be.
1. Carl served me a malt dressed in his new uniform.
2. We found our cat walking home from school.
3. I was stung by a bee pruning my trees.
4. They found an antique store looking for a place to eat.
5. The package was delivered by the mailman wrapped with red paper.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Dressed in his new uniform, Carl served me a malt.
2. Walking home from school, we found our cat.
3. Pruning my trees, I was stung by a bee.
4. Looking for a place to eat, they found an antique store.
5. The package, wrapped with red paper, was delivered by the mailman.

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from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2017/07/lesson-229-parts-of-sentence-verbals.html

Lesson 228 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Participial phrases are useful in combining pairs of sentences.
Instructions: Combine the following sentences using a participial phrase at the beginning of the sentence.
1. The flag flapped against the pole. The flag was twisted by the wind.
2. The cat clawed wildly in self-defense. The cat was cornered by two dogs.
3. The food was completely destroyed. It had been covered by the flood for two weeks.
4. Dr. Doolittle commanded the bee to stop the noise. He was annoyed by the humming.
5. We had planned a party for our boss. We were pleased with our bonuses.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Twisted by the wind, the flag flapped against the pole.
2. Cornered by two dogs, the cat clawed wildly in self-defense.
3. Having been covered by the flood for two weeks, the food was completely destroyed.
4. Annoyed by the humming, Dr. Doolittle commanded the bee to stop the noise.
5. Pleased with our bonuses, we had planned a party for our boss.

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Lesson 227 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Participial phrases are useful in combining pairs of sentences.
Instructions: Combine the following sentences using a participial phrase at the beginning of the sentence.
1. The thief pried strenuously at the window. He was grasping the crowbar with both hands.
2. The doctor examined the new patient. The doctor was hoping to find the problem.
3. The comedian took a final bow. The comedian was waving at the audience.
4. Ann sang quietly to herself. She was taking a shower.
5. The horse pranced and whirled in circles. He was approaching the starting gate.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Grasping the crowbar with both hands, the thief pried strenuously at the window.
2. Hoping to find the problem, the doctor examined the new patient.
3. Waving at the audience, the comedian took a final bow.
4. Taking a shower, Ann sang quietly to herself.
5. Approaching the starting gate, the horse pranced and whirled in circles.

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Lesson 226 – Parts of the Sentence – Verbals – Participles

A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Participial phrases are useful in combining pairs of sentences.
Instructions: Combine the following sentences using a participial phrase following the word it modifies.
1. The woman fed the pigeons. The woman was sitting on the park bench.
2. Jeanne finished the painting last month. The painting was hanging on the wall.
3. I really liked the blue sports car. The car was sitting in the showroom.
4. That man makes jewelry. He is getting into his car.
5. I carefully wrapped the package to be sure it was done correctly. The package was lying on the desk.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. The woman sitting on the park bench fed the pigeons.
2. Last month Jeanne finished the painting hanging on the wall.
3. I really liked the blue sports car sitting in the showroom.
4. That man getting into his car makes jewelry.
5. I carefully wrapped the package lying on the desk to be sure it was done correctly.

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://ift.tt/1BHeG8C. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
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