Lesson 113 – Parts of the Sentence – Subject/Verb, Predicate Nominatives, Direct Objects

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate – some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boyis here. When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verbfirst and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb – rang. Now say who or what rang? Bell rang. Bell is the subject.
A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completerbecause it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The linking verbs include the following: the helping verbs is, am, are, was, were, be, being, and been; the sense verbs look, taste, smell, feel, and sound; and verbs like become, seem, appear, grow, continue, stay, and turn. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals. Examples: Mr. Johanson is a teacher. Mr. Johanson equals a teacher. A predicate nominative will never be in a prepositional phrase.
A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. Example: The car hit the tree. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. The car hit whom or what? Tree answers the question so tree is the direct object. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. Example: The car sped past. The car sped whom or what? Nothing answers the question so the sentence has no direct object. The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct object will never be in a prepositional phrase.
Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, and direct objects in these sentences.
1. In the woods the rain came down in torrents.
2. Jim will be waiting for you at the mall.
3. The reckless driver hit the deer and swerved into another car.
4. The policeman stopped to help and saved the man’s life.
5. The men and women stopped and helped the lame horse and its rider.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. rain = subject / came = verb
2. Jim = subject / will be waiting = verb
3. driver = subject / hit = verb, deer = direct object // swerved = verb
4. policeman = subject / stopped = verb // saved = verb / life =direct object
5. men, women = subjects / stopped, helped = verbs / horse, rider = direct objects

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2019/01/lesson-113-parts-of-sentence.html

Advertisements

Lesson 112 – Parts of the Sentence – Subject/Verb, Predicate Nominatives, Direct Objects

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate – some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boyis here. When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verbfirst and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb – rang. Now say who or what rang? Bell rang. Bell is the subject.
A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completerbecause it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The linking verbs include the following: the helping verbs is, am, are, was, were, be, being, and been; the sense verbs look, taste, smell, feel, and sound; and verbs like become, seem, appear, grow, continue, stay, and turn. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals. Examples: Mr. Johanson is a teacher. Mr. Johanson equals a teacher. A predicate nominative will never be in a prepositional phrase.
A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. Example: The car hit the tree. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. The car hit whom or what? Tree answers the question so tree is the direct object. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. Example: The car sped past. The car sped whom or what? Nothing answers the question so the sentence has no direct object. The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct object will never be in a prepositional phrase.
Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, and direct objects in these sentences.
1. There has been a change in the schedule.
2. Who brought the cake and ice cream?
3. We saw and touched the baby panda at the zoo.
4. Larry was my best friend and married a girl from Las Vegas.
5. Oh, I lost my wallet and missed the bus for home.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. change = subject / has been = verb
2. who = subject / brought = verb / cake, ice cream = direct objects
3. we = subject / saw, touched = verbs / panda = direct object
4. Larry = subject / was = verb / friend = predicate nominative // married = verb / girl = direct object
5. I = subject / lost = verb / wallet = direct object // missed = verb / bus = direct object

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2019/01/lesson-112-parts-of-sentence.html

Lesson 111 – Parts of the Sentence – Subject/Verb, Predicate Nominatives, Direct Objects

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate – some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boyis here. When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verbfirst and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb – rang. Now say who or what rang? Bell rang. Bell is the subject.
A predicate nominative or predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject. It is a complement or completerbecause it completes the verb. Predicate nominatives complete only linking verbs. The linking verbs include the following: the helping verbs is, am, are, was, were, be, being, and been; the sense verbs look, taste, smell, feel, and sound; and verbs like become, seem, appear, grow, continue, stay, and turn. The verb in a sentence having a predicate nominative can always be replaced by the word equals. Examples: Mr. Johanson is a teacher. Mr. Johanson equals a teacher. A predicate nominative will never be in a prepositional phrase.
A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. Example: The car hit the tree. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. The car hit whom or what? Tree answers the question so tree is the direct object. If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. Example: The car sped past. The car sped whom or what? Nothing answers the question so the sentence has no direct object. The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct object will never be in a prepositional phrase.
Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, predicate nominatives, and direct objects in these sentences.
1. Our neighbors are from Australia.
2. Our best friends are visiting England.
3. Was Samuel ever in the army?
4. The basketball coach was a great example for the boys.
5. Was the circus a thrilling time for you?
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. neighbors = subject / are = verb
2. friends = subject / are visiting = verb / England = direct object
3. Samuel = subject / was = verb
4. coach = subject / was = verb / example = predicate nominative
5. circus = subject / was = verb / time = predicate nominative

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2019/01/lesson-111-parts-of-sentence.html

Quiz for Lessons 106 – 110 – Parts of the Sentence – Direct Object

View lesson on Daily Grammar

Instruction: Find the subjects, verbs, direct objects, and predicate nominatives in these sentences. They may be sentences with direct objects, compound verbs with separate direct objects, predicate nominatives, or without either a direct object or predicate nominative.
1. Someone must have dialed my number by mistake.
2. They hung up quickly.
3. I hate phone calls.
4. The girl combed her hair and brushed her teeth for her date.
5. The boy and the girl love their dogs.
6. Joe should have been captain of the debate team.
7. The soldier cleaned and polished his rifle.
8. The girls fished for hours without a bite.
9. Today was the warmest day in years.
10. You must do your lessons correctly.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. someone = subject / must have dialed = verb / number = direct object
2. they = subject / hung = verb
3. I = subject / hate = verb / calls = direct object
4. girl = subject / combed = verb / hair = direct object // brushed = verb / teeth = direct object
5. boy, girl = subjects / love = verb / dogs = direct object
6. Joe = subject / should have been = verb / captain = predicate nominative
7. soldier = subject / cleaned, polished = verbs / rifle = direct object
8. girls = subject / fished = verb
9. today = subject / was = verb / day = predicate nominative
10. you = subject / must do = verb / lessons = direct object

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2019/01/quiz-for-lessons-106-110-parts-of.html

Lesson 110 – Parts of the Sentence – Direct Object

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. Example: The car hit the tree. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. The car hit whom or what? Tree answers the question so tree is the direct object.
If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. Example: The car sped past. The car sped whom or what? Nothing answers the question so the sentence has no direct object.
The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct objectwill never be in a prepositional phrase. The direct object will not equal the subject as the predicate nominative, nor does it have a linking verb as a predicate nominative sentences does.
Direct objects may be compound. Example: The car hit the tree and the fence. The car hit whom or what? Tree and fence answer the question so tree and fence are the direct objects.
Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, direct objects, and predicate nominatives in these sentences. They may be sentences with direct objects, compound verbs with separate direct objects, predicate nominatives, or without either a direct object or predicate nominative.
1. Jeanne was the chairperson of the dance committee.
2. The boys at the park played tag and ran races.
3. The baker cut and wrapped the bread.
4. The large round spaceship rose over the quiet city.
5. Jeff and Carl speak the same language.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. Jeanne = subject / was = verb / chairperson = predicate nominative
2. boys = subject / played = verb / tag = direct object // ran = verb / races = direct object
3. baker = subject / cut, wrapped = verbs / bread = direct object
4. spaceship = subject / rose = verb / (There is no predicate nominative or direct object.)
5. Jeff, Carl = subjects / speak = verb / language = direct object

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2019/01/lesson-110-parts-of-sentence-direct.html

Lesson 109 – Parts of the Sentence – Direct Object

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. Example: The car hit the tree. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. The car hit whom or what? Tree answers the question so tree is the direct object.
If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. Example: The car sped past. The car sped whom or what? Nothing answers the question so the sentence has no direct object.
The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct objectwill never be in a prepositional phrase. The direct object will not equal the subject as the predicate nominative, nor does it have a linking verb as a predicate nominative sentences does.
Direct objects may be compound. Example: The car hit the tree and the fence. The car hit whom or what? Tree and fence answer the question so tree and fence are the direct objects.
A sentence with a compound verb may have two different direct objectsin it. Example: The dog ate the meat and drank some water. The direct object for the verb ate is meat, and the direct object for the verb drank is water. The dog didn’t drink the meator eat the water.
Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, and direct objects in these sentences.
1. The football player changed his clothes and took a shower.
2. The speaker read his speech and answered some questions.
3. The carpenter fixed the door and painted the house.
4. The little girl played the piano and sang a song.
5. My neighbor mowed his lawn and watered the flowers.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. player = subject / changed = verb / clothes = direct object // took = verb / shower = direct object
2. speaker = subject / read = verb / speech = direct object // answered = verb / questions = direct object
3. carpenter = subject / fixed = verb / door = direct object // painted = verb / house = direct object
4. girl = subject / played = verb / piano = direct object // sang = verb / song = direct object
5. neighbor= subject / mowed = verb / lawn = direct object // watered = verb / flowers = direct object

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2019/01/lesson-109-parts-of-sentence-direct.html

Lesson 108 – Parts of the Sentence – Direct Object

View lesson on Daily Grammar

A direct object receives the action performed by the subject. The verb used with a direct object is always an action verb. Another way of saying it is that the subject does the verb to the direct object. Example: The car hit the tree. To find the direct object, say the subject and verb followed by whom or what. The car hit whom or what? Tree answers the question so tree is the direct object.
If nothing answers the question whom or what, you know that there is no direct object. Example: The car sped past. The car sped whom or what? Nothing answers the question so the sentence has no direct object.
The direct object must be a noun or pronoun. A direct objectwill never be in a prepositional phrase. The direct object will not equal the subject as the predicate nominative, nor does it have a linking verb as a predicate nominative sentences does.
Direct objects may be compound. Example: The car hit the tree and the fence. The car hit whom or what? Tree and fence answer the question so tree and fence are the direct objects.
A sentence may have a compound verb with one direct object for both verbs. Example: The man mowed and raked the lawn. The lawnreceived the action of being both mowed and raked by the man.
Instructions: Find the subjects, verbs, and direct objects in these sentences.
1. The worker sanded and painted the bookcase.
2. The cat chased and caught the mouse.
3. Mike wrapped and sent the package.
4. Mother cooked and served the meal to everyone at the party.
5. The cowboy rode and broke the wild horse.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. worker = subject / sanded, painted = verbs / bookcase = direct object
2. cat = subject / chased, caught = verbs / mouse = direct object
3. Mike = subject / wrapped, sent = verbs / package = direct object
4. Mother = subject / cooked, served = verbs / meal = direct object
5. cowboy = subject / rode, broke = verbs / horse = direct object

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog http://dailygrammarlessons.blogspot.com/2019/01/lesson-108-parts-of-sentence-direct.html